Hard Water Facts and Health Risks

Hard water, defined by its high mineral content, is a common issue in many households, including those in San Diego. While it is generally considered safe for consumption, the implications extend beyond its taste and into potential health risks and household concerns. In this blog, we’ll explore the facts and associated health risks, and how Hack’s Plumbing in San Diego can assist you in managing these challenges.

What is Hard Water?

Hard water contains high levels of minerals, particularly calcium and magnesium. It occurs naturally when water percolates through limestone, chalk, or gypsum, which are rich in these minerals. The U.S. Geological Survey provides a detailed explanation of the processes that take place.

Health Implications

Skin and Hair Concerns

One of the most noticeable effects are on the skin and hair. The minerals can dry out the skin and leave hair feeling dull and lifeless. This can exacerbate conditions like eczema and dermatitis. The American Academy of Dermatology offers insights into how water quality can affect these conditions.

Digestive Health

While it is not harmful to drink and can contribute to dietary mineral intake, in some individuals, it might lead to minor gastrointestinal discomforts. This is often due to the body’s reaction to high levels of certain minerals.

Cardiovascular Risks

There is ongoing research about the relationship between hard water and cardiovascular health. Some studies suggest that the minerals may have a beneficial effect on heart health, but the evidence is not conclusive. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides an overview of the studies regarding hardness and cardiovascular disease.

Hard Water in the Home

Plumbing and Appliances

It can tough on household plumbing and appliances. The minerals can build up in pipes, reducing flow and efficiency. This buildup, known as scale, can also shorten the lifespan of appliances like heaters, dishwashers, and washing machines.

Cleaning Challenges

It interferes with the effectiveness of soap and detergent, requiring more products to achieve the same level of cleanliness. This can lead to increased costs and effort in household chores.

Addressing The Issue


One of the most common solutions is the installation of a softener. This device works by exchanging the minerals with sodium or potassium, effectively softening the water.

Filters and Treatment Systems

Various filters and treatment systems can also reduce the hardness. These can range from simple faucet attachments to whole-house filtration systems, depending on the severity of the hard water and the specific needs of the household.

Hack’s Plumbing in San Diego

While hard water is not considered a health hazard, its effects can be felt in daily life, from skin and hair health to the efficiency and longevity of home appliances. Understanding the nature of hard water and the options for managing it can help improve your quality of life and protect your home investments.

For residents in San Diego dealing with hard water, Hack’s Plumbing offers a range of solutions tailored to your specific needs. Our expert team can help you choose and install the right water treatment system for your home, ensuring that you have access to soft, quality water that is gentle on your skin, hair, and home. Trust Hack’s Plumbing when it comes to providing the expertise and services needed to combat the challenges of hard water effectively.